|Nevyznáte se ve všech těch cizích slovech a zkratkách v těhotenské průkazce? Tak právě pro Vás je určen náš seznam.|
Zkratky v těhotenské průkazce
ABO – systém krevních skupin (krevní skupiny A, B, AB, 0)
AS – akce srdeční
B – přítomnost bílkoviny v moči
BPD (biparietal diameter) - vzdálenost temenních kostí plodu (spolu s dalšími rozměry plodu – FL, AC - můžeme určit předpokládanou váhu miminka)
BPP - biparietální průměr (český ekvivalent BPD - viz výše)
BWR (Bordet-Wassermanova reakce) – vyšetření na syfilis
C – přítomnost cukru v moči
CS (cervix score) – vyšetření stavu děložního čípku
CRL (crown-rump length) - vzdálenost mezi temenem a kostrčí zárodku, která se měří ultrazvukem. Podle naměřené velikosti určujeme délku těhotenství v prvním trimestru (v prvních 12 týdnech těhotenství)
cyto (cytologie) – vyšetření stěru buněk na děložním čípku
FL (femur length) - délka stehenní kosti (spolu s dalšími rozměry plodu – BPD,AC - můžeme určit předpokládanou váhu miminka.
Hb (hemoglobin) – červené krevní barvivo pro transport kyslíku
HBsAg – znak na povrchu krvinek, který nás informuje o prodělané žloutence typu B
HIV (human imunodefitience virus) - HIV virus
kolpo (kolposkopie) – vyšetření děložního čípku optickým přístrojem
oGTT (orální glukózový toleranční test) - vyšetřovací metoda, která se používá k diagnostice onemocnění diabetes mellitus (DM,cukrovka), gestačního diabetu (cukrovka v těhotenství) a porušené glukózové tolerance (PGT).
OP – srdeční ozvy plodu
PM – datum poslední menstruace
PP – den, kdy nastávající maminka ucítí první pohyby svého miminka
Rh – Rh faktor
sed. – segmentace červených krvinek
SF (symfýza) - spona stydká
SAG (GBS) – streptococcus agalactiae. Vyšetření na streptokoka se provádí přibližně ve 36. týdnu těhotenství. Pokud je nález pozitivní, jsou během porodu podávána nitrožilně antibiotika, aby nedošlo k infekci miminka.
Thorax AP - průměr hrudníku plodu v předozadním rozměru v centimetrech
TK – krevní tlak
TP – předpokládaný termín porodu
TT (triple test). Triple test je vyšetření krve nastávající maminky na genetické vady plodu. Tento test se provádí v 16. týdnu těhotenství.
VEX - vakuumextraktor (zvon)
VVV - vrozené vývojové vady
VSV - vrozená srdeční vada (můžete se setkat i se zkratkou VCC - vitium cordis congenitum)
Cizí slova v těhotenské průkazce
Amnioskopie - vyšetření barvy a kvality plodové vody pomocí amnioskopu - trubice, zavedené pochvou a děložním čípkem k dolnímu pólu plodového vejce
Sectio caesarea - císařský řez (operační vyjmutí plodu z dělohy)
Cerkláž (cerlage) - sešití děložního čípku při předčasném otevírání porodních cest k udržení těhotenství
Fenylketonurie - porucha metabolismu aminových kyselin. Dochází ke zvýšení aminokyseliny fenylalaninu v krvi, to může vést k mentálnímu postižení dítěte.
Forceps - porodnické kleště
Fundus - děložní dno
Gestóza (preeklampsie) - onemocnění spojené pouze s těhotenstvím, jedná se o současnou přítomnost vysokého krevního tlaku, odpadů bílkovin v moči a otoků. Dochází k různých poruchám metabolismu a krevní srážlivosti, které můžou ohrozit maminku i nenarozené miminko.
Glykosurie - odpady cukrů v moči (projev cukrovky)
Hydramnion - objem plodové vody
Hypotrofický plod - neprosívající plod v děloze. Nejčastěji z důvodu nedostatečné funkce placenty nebo je váha plodu pro daný týden menší než předpokládaná.
Hypertenze - vysoký krevní tlak
Oligohydramnion - nedostatečné množství plodové vody (při nedostatečné funkci placenty, odtoku plodové vody, vývojových vadách plodu, infekčních onemocněních apod.)
Polyhydramnion - nadměrné množství plodové vody (při cukrovce matky, infekčních onemocněních, vývojových vadách plodu apod.)
Primipara - prvorodička
Proteinurie - bílkovina v moči
Psychoprofylaxe - předporodní příprava
Zoonózy - infekční onemocnění, u kterých se původce onemocnění přenáší ze zvířete na člověka
Pokud Vám budou nějaké zkratky a výrazy v našem seznamu chybět, tak nám napište a my Vám je sem rádi doplníme.
Přečtěte si více: Těhotenská průkazka
- Draslík v těhotenství
- Bylinky, kterým byste se měla v těhotenství vyhnout
- Genetická vyšetření v těhotenství – 2. díl
- Těhotenská anorexie
- Genetická vyšetření v těhotenství – 1. díl
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